This is a big question that is important to answer, for the future of culture. Leonardo da Vinci, does his name tell you anything? This man of the Italian Renaissance at the same time inventor, painter, humanist, scientist, philosopher and engineer marked his time and continues to fuel fascinations. A small portrait and biography of this genius that could go unnoticed.
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- The beginnings of Leonardo da Vinci, in the heart of Tuscany
- Leonardo da Vinci: the multidisciplinary man
- The return to Florence, city of painters
- Leonardo da Vinci and the passion for science
- The works of Leonardo da Vinci
- A pictorial heritage
- Leonardo da Vinci’s Legacy
Plan de l'article
Leonardo da Vinci’s beginnings in the heart of Tuscany
Leonardo di ser Piero, known as Leonardo da Vinci (Leonardo da Vinci) was born on April 15, in the year 1452, in Vinci, this small municipality of Tuscany located not far from Florence. His brand? Leonardo da Vinci was born from the illegitimate union between his father, notary Ser Piero, and a peasant commoner. After receiving a varied school education, his adult life begins with painting . He settled in a Florentine workshop, that of the famous Verrocchio.
At the age of 26, Leonardo da Vinci leaves his master and already “surfs” his reputation as a renowned painter. With his famous art of chiaroscuro — chiaroscuro — and sfumato — this almost sublime painting technique that improved the realism of landscapes and made it possible to soften contrasts in painting — Leonardo da Vinci moved to Milan in 1481. He then put himself in the service of Duke Ludovic Sforza, for various and varied orders.
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Leonardo da Vinci: the multidisciplinary man
At the same time painter, performer, engineer and sculptor (who believed him?) , Leonardo da Vinci is all about everything. He works on various projects at once: clocks, looms, mathematics. Nothing stops him. This exponential genius of art and science is also known as an engineer to study the irrigation of crops, and as an urban planner, as he looks at his perfect idea of the city.
Leonardo da Vinci then entered the service of local Venetian power and provided ingenious ideas to improve Venice’s defense against the Turks. The famous diving suit with helmet dates from this Venetian era: the aim being to be able to evolve underwater — a project that has never seen the light of the day.
The return to Florence, city of painters
Around 1500, Leonardo da Vinci returned to Florence and took part in the development of hydraulic systems. Of course, at the same time, he remains a confirmed and renowned painter . In 1503 began painting of the painting of the famous Mona Lisa, masterpiece stored in the Louvre Museum, known as Mona Lisa.
As if his projects were not enough, he works at the same time on a monumental fresco designed to adorn the Palazzo Vecchio. The Battle of Anghiari was the famous “fresco battle” that Leonardo da Vinci made alongside Michelangelo , who received a similar order, to paint right in front… History says that the two painters, in severe competition, sought to go too fast in work…
The Battle of Anghiari will remain unfinished, perhaps because a fresco drying process that has degraded the paint instead of preserving it. Today, the mystery remains complete: this fresco would be behind a wall, covered by another fresco, itself covered by a fresco by Giorgio Vasari.
Leonardo da Vinci and the passion for science
Leonardo da Vinci is also known for his scientific studies (bird flight), human and animal anatomical studies, but also mathematics. After a visit to Milan, Leonardo da Vinci devoted himself to his diverse passions and made several studies in the Codex Leicester. There are all sorts of theories and answers on topics such as shellfish fossils in the mountains, the movement of river water, erosion, the light of the Moon and even the oceans covering our planet.
Leonardo da Vinci was a man of rigor. Rationally, methodically and after a fine and sharp scientific observation, Leonardo da Vinci draws, draws and draws again. Today, the countless traces of his fascinating scientific studies bear witness to this. Plants, humans, animals, mechanisms of all kinds…
The works of Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci remains world famous today for his scientific inventions that fascinate young and old:
Fins for mortar shells, paddle boat, hydraulic pump, wood screw cutting machine, submarine, floating skis, automobile, calculator, mirror polishing machine, parachute, helicopter, scuba diving, hang glider, assault tank, mechanical hammer, mobile protective barriers, carding machine, ball bearing…
The list is long and Leonardo da Vinci’s work at the time represented hundreds and thousands of hours of research, reflection, theorization, logic and drawing.
From its work there remain essential documents that have come to us:
- Codex Atlanticus
- Codex Leicester
- Madrid Codex I and II
A pictorial heritage
Leonardo da Vinci’s works include the most famous paintings and drawings, painted between 1483 and 1515:
- The Virgin of the Rocks;
- Mona Lisa Lisa;
- The Battle of Anghiari;
- The Beautiful Ironmoniere;
- The Musician;
- The Last Supper;
- The Virgin, the Child Jesus and Saint Anne;
- The Man of Vitruvius (drawn study), etc.
Leonardo da Vinci’s Legacy
Leonardo da Vinci was avant-garde in every way. At a time when science was only in its fragile beginnings, Leonardo da Vinci’s innovative concepts were genuinely early for their time. Perhaps too much, which explains the fact that many inventions never emerge , about viable functioning. Sometimes described, Leonardo da Vinci still remains a genius for his time.
Leonardo da Vinci still fascinates: paratroopers know it well… This man was at the edge of genius and leaves behind, years later, a cultural heritage of unparalleled wealth . Leonardo da Vinci died in 1519 in France, in Amboise, at the castle of ClosLucé.