What is malware and what can it do?

Malware, a shortened combination of the words “Malicious” and “Software” (software), is a tote word for any type of software designed for malicious purposes. In legal documents, malware is sometimes called computer contamination — if you see this, it’s just a whimsical way of saying malware.

Malicious intent is often the theft of your private information or creating a backdoor to your computer giving access to someone, their resources, and their data, without your permission . Although some of these terms may be used to describe software with legitimate and non-malicious intent, malware is generally considered to exist in one or more of the following orms :

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  • The Virus infects program files and/or personal files.
  • Spyware collects personal information.
  • The Worm or Worm in English is a malware that can replicate and spread over a network.
  • The Trojan looks like and can even work as a legitimate program.
  • The Browser Hijacker or Browser hijacker is a malware that modifies your web browser.
  • The Rootkit grants administrative rights for malicious intent.
  • Malvertising is a malware that uses legitimate online advertising to spread malware.

There are other types of programs, or parts of programs, that could be considered malicious simply because they are carriers of a malware program, but the ones listed above are so common that they have their own categories. Certain types of adware, ad-supported software, are considered malware only when these ads are designed to inite users to download other malware .

Infection

Programs can contaminate a computer or other device in several ways. Some malware can install on your computer by taking advantage of the security vulnerabilities of your system and your running software. Outdated versions of browsers, and often their add-ons or plugins, are easy targets, but most of the time, malware is installed by users (i.e. you!) that forget what they do and rush into installations of programs that include malware.

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Many programs install toolbars, download wizards, system and Internet optimizers, fake antivirus software, and other default tools, unless you explicitly tell them not to do so. Another common source of malware is the download of software that seems at first glance safe — like a simple picture, a video or audio file — but in reality is a harmful file that installs the malware.

Malware Removal

In addition to the most serious infections, most are removable by a few simple steps, but some are difficult to remove than others. Types of The most common malware are real programs like legitimate software that you use every day. These programs can be uninstalled like any other from Control Panel, at least in Windows operating systems, but other malware is more complex to remove , such as access keys and individual files that can only be removed manually. These types of malware infections are best eliminated with antimalware tools and similar specialized programs. There are several completely free on-demand and offline malware and antivirus software that can quickly, and often painlessly, remove most types of malware.

Protect yourself from malware

The best way to avoid malware being obviously Take precautions to prevent them from infecting your computer or device in the first place. The most important way to prevent malware from reaching your computer is to make sure that you have installed an antivirus/antimalware program and that you have configured it to constantly look for signs of malicious activity in downloads and active files.

One way to do this is to avoid opening emails and attachments sent through an email platform of people or organizations you don’t know or trust. Even if you know the sender, make sure that what is attached is something you expected or can follow in another message. One of the best ways to spread Malware is to automatically send copies of themselves to your friends and family from an email contact list.

Also make sure that you update your operating system and application software whenever updates are available, in particular, and learn how to safely download and install software on your computer to avoid malicious software.

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