What flowers in a bouquet ?

When you plant plants, you want to enjoy it in the garden or through the windows of your home. But you can also embellish its interior thanks to them and thus bring greenery and colors into your home. This is the case, if we select garden plants whose flowers are usable as a bouquet.

Not all plants, whether shrubs, perennials or annuals, are not amenable to exercise. Care should be taken to select varieties with flowers that have a long sturdy stem so that they fit well in a vase and keep well when cut and put in water .

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Here is my selection of 10 garden plants that will allow you to create nice bouquets indoors.

Hydrangea — Hydrangea

With its flowering varieties in balls, flat or cone-shaped , hydrangea is must-see.

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This deciduous, broad, medium green, jagged, frost-resistant shrub offers flowering from white to blue, pink, purple, lavender and green. Its strong stems are able to withstand the large weight of its large flowers that retain their colors for a long time even when cutcreate bouquets of dried flowers. This plant is therefore perfectly suited for creating floral compositions composed solely of hydrangea or mixed with other plants. It can even be used to .

In the garden, reserve it fresh soil with good drainage. Depending on the varieties, light or semi-shaded exposure will be preferable, and its size can reach 1.8m high and wide. The intake of organic matter, manure or heather soil is preferable especially in the case of a cultivar blue. Indeed, the acidity of the soil allows the assimilation of its aluminum by the plant which will keep pretty bluish flowers. Pink varieties will grow more easily in neutral to alkaline soil (to increase soil pH, bring garden lime every 2/3 years). It is also possible to grow it in a large pot. This plant can be propagated by cuttings.

Hydrangea in bouquet ©Vmiramontes-Flickr (Creative Commons) Arum — Zantedeschia

This rhizomatous perennial has long green stems each bringing at their end a flower composed of a yellow spadice surrounded by a white spathe.

These flowers are ideal for large threadlike vases or arranged in glass bowls (without their stem this time) for a modern and minimalist effect. They are easy to use with a very good preservation. Their large stems can be wedged using colored pebbles, moss or florist gel. In addition to the typical variety in the colours I mentioned earlier, we find hybrids white to green, yellow, orange, pink, red, burgundy and chocolate, dark purple to black. The spath (resembling a large petal) can be larger or less large, curved or flor-shaped. The spadice (a cone genus in the heart of the flower) is usually yellow, but cultivars are found with orange, brown or black spadice. It can be long and clearly visible, or short and discreet. Its foliage can also be used in floral arrangements.

Cultivated as a houseplant in a cold greenhouse or veranda, or even outdoors with the installation of rhizomes in spring once the risk of freezing has been eliminated, the arum prefers soil that retains moisture while providing good drainage to avoid excess water (water moderately) and a sunny and sheltered situation. The flowering is summer, but it is possible to make it earlier by putting the rhizomes in pots as early as December and putting them out after the frost periods are over. For outdoor cultivation, take your feet in the fall, store them lightly covered with peat in a cool dark place. They multiply by division.

The classic variety Zantedeschia aethiopica (Arum from Ethiopia) is completely rustic.

Arum in vase ©Jardinome-Flickr (Creative Commons) Carnation — Dianthus

Various varieties of carnations are perfect for cut flowers : florist carnations (Dianthus caryophyllus — perennial), cute carnations (Dianthus plumarius — perennial) and carnations of the poet (Dianthus barbatus — perennial under mild climate, grown as a biennial elsewhere).

The long blue-silver stems have sometimes double flowers, with a delicate fragrance , with a wide range of colors : white, cream, from pale green to lime green, from pale pink to fuchsia, magenta, red, lavender or even dark purple, yellow, orange… Flowers are often in several colors, marginal bright colors or white.

The carnation prefers draining but moist soils with full sun exposure. Regularly cut the faded flowers to promote the appearance of new blooms (from early to late summer). Propagation is done by cuttings.

Among the most beautiful cultivars for making bouquets : ‘Purple Bouquet’, ‘Melody Pink’, Green Trick® Series (especially ‘Temarisou’) and Sweet Mix.

Bouquet Carnation ©Ben K Adams-Flickr (Creative Commons) Goldenrod — Solidago ‘Goldenmosa’

The cultivar ‘Goldenmosa’ of this rustic perennial forms a tuft with long panicles of small bright yellow flowersexcellent ‘filling’ flower from mid-summer to late autumn. It is an for a bouquet to be combined with other flowers appearing at the end of summer. It is durable in vase.

The plant itself prefers well-drained soils and a sunny situation. It will measure between 50cm and 1m high. It can be multiplied in autumn by division.

This cultivar, awarded by the RHS and totally rustic , fits well into a flowering border or in a massif of flowers to cut.

Goldenrod in vase ©Storebukkebruse-Flickr (Creative Commons) Early semi-perennial chrysanthemum — Chrysanthemum

This perennial resistant to -5°C, including varieties with pompom flowers (double), semi-double or singlethey can last up to 3 weeks andthe plant produces them from mid-summer to late autumn, offers gardeners many colors: white, cream, green, yellow, orange, red, purple, pink… These flowers are carried by sturdy stems; it is ideal for putting in vase, especially since .

Young plants are to be set up once the risk of frost has passed, but more mature plants can spend the winter outdoors with thick mulch. Nevertheless, in cold regions it is better to dig up the seedlings and make them spend the winter in a frost-free environment (passage in the greenhouse heated to produce new rods that will be used for cuttings). Dimensions depend on the variety, but they are often around 30cm tall and wide. Larger cultivars will need tutoring.

Other groups of chrysanthemums can be grown indoors in a cold greenhouse or veranda for early flowering.

Vase ball chrysanthemum ©Stalkerr-Flickr (Creative Commons)

Simple Vase Chrysanthemum ©Daftgirly-Flickr (Creative Commons) Gladiolus — Gladiolus

This semi-rustic bulbous is available in many hybrids, such as the Grandiflorus — whose flower stems can reach 1.5m — or the much smaller Nanus.

The stems bearing the multiple flowers are strong and thick, which is ideal for 12 days in vaseheight. The color gamut is extended with white, green, cream, yellow, orange, salmon, pink, deep fuchsia, purple, burgundy, chocolate and dark. There are also multi-colored varieties. These flowers remain beautiful about .

With regard to cultivation, the bulbs must be planted in the spring once the risk of frost has been eliminated. Plantations can be staggered to spread the flowering period (summer). It is a plant that prefers well-drained soils, rich in well-decomposed organic matter, with a sunny or slightly shady situation. In mild winter areas, it can stay outdoors with a thick mulch at the foot. For cold climates, dig up bulbs before the first frosts, select healthy ones and store them in bins with a slight layer of peat or similar substrate, all in a dark, cool space, sheltered from frost. The multiplication is done by taking the bulbils.

Gladiolus communis subsp. Byzantinus is a rustic varietyAmong the most remarkable species for creating bouquets (beautiful colors, good vase fit) are: ‘Zorro’, ‘Purple Flora’, ‘Arabian Night’, ‘Green Star’, ‘Violetta’, ‘Plum Tart’, ‘Antica’, ‘New Royalty’. with magenta flowers arranged on stems about thirty centimeters long. It can be used in cut flowers, but once in a vase, it retains its colors less well than the varieties mentioned earlier.

Gladiolus in bouquet ©Vadim Piottukh-Flickr (Creative Commons) Quince from Japan — Chaenomeles

It is a thorny shrub whose flowers appear in late winter/early spring on the wood still devoid of leaf. The woody rods are solid and allow a good vase outfit, but they can also be used to create large bouquets. The flowers resemble those of the apple tree. Depending on the varieties, they may be white, pale pink to dark, scarlet red, purple or orange, with yellow stamens. Cut the stems when the buds are half open to have a more lasting flowering in vase.

This shrub accommodates most exposures and soil types, with a spreading or rounded shape depending on the species. Again, the dimensions will depend on the cultivar chosen, but it can reach 2.5m tall and wide. Totally rustic, an annual selective pruning at the end of summer will encourage well-supplied future flowering.

Japanese quince (Chaenomeles) in vase ©Jacki Dee-Flickr (Creative Commons) Sarcococca confused

This shrub, bushy-bearing, evergreen, ovoid, brilliant green, produces a multitude of small tubular white flowers in winter that are very fragrant. After flowering, black berries appear.

These sturdy stems are easy to work in floral art. Its foliage coats well with other winter flowers. His own, with their smell of vanillafoliage has an excellent shelf life, bring a real plus to the bouquets. In vase, the , but the flowers last shorter when cut.

It takes, adult, a height and width of 2m. It is rustic and prefers fresh, draining soils, with a half-shaded exposure (leaves turn yellow in full sun). Propagation is done by seeds or by layering.

Sarcococca confused ©Tony Rodd-Flickr (Creative Commons) Lilac — Syringa vulgaris

This famous shrub in the gardens, deciduous, hosts long panicles made up of a multitude of small flowers very fragrant and available in several colors depending on the variety planted: white, pale pink, blue, dark blue, purple… Even if their shelf life is short enough when cut to make bouquets, it remains a common choice because of their perfume. To increase the holding time, cut when the flower buds are opened on about a quarter of the panicle, remove any leaves immediately and dip the stems to the level of the beginning of the flowers in cold water 24H before making the bouquet.

The shrub itself can take up a lot of space (6m high) if it is not pruned. To rejuvenate it, it must be sharpened strongly after flowering, otherwise the simple fact of cutting faded flowers will be enough to ensure a good flowering year round next.

Rustic, it prefers soils with good drainage but a little moisture and a location full sun. It is propagated by seed or cuttings.

Madame Lemoine ‘is a white variety with a pronounced fragrance and a more compact wearing.

Lilac in bouquet ©Jacki Dee-Flickr (Creative Commons) Buenos Aires Verbena — Verbena bonariensis

It is a perennial (but not hardy) with large stems, straight, sturdy and branched, supporting masses of small lavender/purple flowers. It is an easy to work and versatile plant in bouquet. With its flowering in late summer, it can be associated with the yellow Rudbeckia, Echinacea purpurea or ‘White Swan’, statice etc… It can be stored for about 7 days in vase .

The plant prefers well-drained soils and full sun. She can reach the 2m high (flowers included)! The foot does not have a long service life but is felt by itself. It fits well into flowery borders. It can be multiplied by seeds or divide it.

Buenos Aires Verbena ©Tobyotter-Flickr (Creative Commons) Bonus: foliage and filling

The success of a beautiful bouquet also depends on the foliage and the ‘filling’ plants that will accompany the selected flowers.

Eucalyptus gunnii

Young leaves are used for floral creations. They are silver blue, round and fragrant. This plant is a large evergreen tree that will need to be trimmed to encourage the production of new leaves used in floristry.

Palm tree

Trachycarpus fortunei, Chamaerops humilis, cycas and other palm trees produce interesting leaves for the realization of Tropical bouquets or to mask the stems of flowers in vases.

Gypsophila — Gypsophylla

It is an excellent filling plant that fits well with most flowers. It creates like a fluffy cloud of small white or pale blue flowers. It is easy to work and has an impressive vase life . In addition, it is an easy plant to succeed in the garden.

Statice — Limonium

Annual plant, easy to grow from seeds, it gives remarkable flowers with a dried appearance , ideal for dry bouquets. It is often found white, pale blue to dark, magenta or pale pink.

St. John’s wort — Hypericum

This is a semi-persistent shrub that will be interesting for its yellow, green, white, red, orange or black berries . It is ideal for garnishing autumn or winter bouquets and is easy to grow in the garden.

Holly — Ilex

Several varieties of holly have various interests in a bouquet: green leaves variegated of white or golden color, red or orange berries . It will find its place in winter floral arrangements or Christmas bouquets. Some cultivars are thornless, they are usually hardy and tolerate any soil and exposure.

New Zealand Flax — Phormium

Its long lanyard leaves can be integrated into bouquets or used graphically in glass vases or bowls to hide the stems of flowers. They are easy to work and are found in green, variegated, pink or yellow colors.

Pittosporum

It’s a shrub at evergreen and shiny leaves, with good hold over time, which, depending on the variety, will be green, variegated, spotted pink or purple . The discreet small white flowers are sometimes fragrant.

Myrtle — Myrtus communis

This is an evergreen oval, hard shrub. The masses of small white star-shaped flowers are delicately fragrant.

Tortuous Hazel — Corylus avellana ‘Contorta’

Its stems are very attractive because twisted, sometimes with small kittens. They are to be incorporated in bouquets or used alone for decorations that will last for a long time. It is a deciduous shrub.

Eucalyptus gunnii ©Dan.Kristiansen-Flickr (Creative Commons) Gypsophila ©Topsynette-Flickr (Creative Commons)

And you, do you use plants from your garden to create bouquets? Statice ©Rachel Ford James-Flickr (Creative Commons)

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